Sep 14 2011

Glossary of Terms

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The use of “Rhetorical Sophistication” in Twitter conversations enable people to infer more complex notions that are understood and acknowledged in the world. By using rhetorical devices in every day language and internet social websites, people can portray their complexity in few words and notions without the feeling of inferiority from their peers. Such language can include the diversity of several literary devices.

Oxymoronis a paradox reduced to two words, usually in an adjective-noun (“eloquent silence”) or adverb-adjective (“inertly strong”) relationship, and is used for effect, complexity, emphasis, or wit:

– Robert A. Harris

MAD_DGM_nuudle nuudle

 Come to me, oh memories of that bittersweet past.

The use of an oxymoron as a rhetorical device is the use of two contrasting words that have opposing relationships; “bitter” and “sweet” represent an emotional feeling. By using ‘rhetorical sophistication,’ the tweet becomes more complex and emphasizes that memories of the past can represent both nostalgic moments and regretful memories. This relates to my story of “Daisy Miller” by Henry James through the varying language that James’ uses to portray Daisy such as referring her as an “indolent sylph” in the short story.

Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose pronunciation imitates the sound the word describes. “Buzz,” for example, when spoken is intended to resemble the sound of a flying insect. Other examples include these: slam, pow, screech, whirr, crush, sizzle, crunch, wring, wrench, gouge, grind, mangle, bang, blam, pow, zap, fizz, urp, roar, growl, blip, click, whimper, and, of course, snap, crackle, and pop. Note that the connection between sound and pronunciation is sometimes rather a product of imagination (“slam” and “wring” are not very good imitations). And note also that written language retains an aural quality, so that even unspoken your writing has a sound to it. Compare these sentences, for instance:

– Robert A. Harris
FreddyAmazin Freddy Cabrales
sorry all I ever hear you say is “blahblah, blabbity, blahblah, blaaaah.”

The use of onomatopoeia as a rhetorical device is the use of sounds in language that have meaning, and yet no meaning. This type of example exaggerates the character and is generally used to emphasize a similarity between the sound and the object. The author here using onomatopoeia suggests that one person is similar to a noise generally used to annoy and idealistically ignored. This type of literary device can also be related to James through the varying emphasis on how a sound sounds, opposed to what a sound sounds. This is a specific way in which Henry James used language to portray specific moments in the story of Daisy Miller. Henry James used onomatopoeia to enhance his writing so that it would have more depth and realism.

Metaphorcompares two different things by speaking of one in terms of the other. Unlike a simile or analogy, metaphor asserts that one thing is another thing, not just that one is like another. Very frequently a metaphor is invoked by the to be verb:

Robert A. Harris

Chef_pinchito Eugene 

even on rainy days,,the sun still manages to shine…its up to you..

The use of metaphor as a rhetorical device is the use of language in a way to project an image of similarity; to use a statement to evoke an image of similarity between two dissimilar objects. By stating that it is a rainy day, yet the sun shines. It gives two very dissimilar weather patterns, but allow the reader the ability to imagine both weathers once after another. Henry James also uses this in “Daisy Miller” to give the objective of two dissimilar objects. This rhetorical device allows the author to portray various notions and representations.

Simileis a  comparison between two different things that resemble each other in at least one way. In formal prose the simile is a device both of art and explanation, comparing an unfamiliar thing to some familiar thing (an object, event, process, etc.) known to the reader.

– Robert A. Harris

MattieTHFC Mattie Claydon

@JoshPowis looking fresh like a new batch of bread rolls

The use of simile as a rhetorical device allows for comparisons of dissimilar items without making a statement. By using the comparisons of like or as, an image of projection in which a character compares the objects side by side. In this referral, Joshpowis is compared to looking like a batch of bread rolls. Although both objects are dissimilar, the simile provides an image for a reader to see that was invisible or unstated prior to the reference. Henry James uses many similes and metaphors in his story, and objectifies Daisy as a character that is both beautiful and innocent, but devilish and slothlike.

Personification metaphorically represents an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes–attributes of form, character, feelings, behavior, and so on. Ideas and abstractions can also be personified.

–  Robert A. Harris

OhWowThatsAwk Glen Coco
That awkward moment when you have to tell your pet they’re adopted.
The use of personification as a rhetorical device is to attribute to the lack of humanistic personality in an inanimate object. In which way that this tweet described the pet as if the pet were a human with emotions of humanistic nature is personification because pets are not humans. By giving a pet a human emotion, the owner is inferring that the pet is much closer to the human in this person’s perspective. Henry James gives personification to names in his story; he names Daisy for her innocence and wild nature. Daisy is a personification against the flower that she was named after, setting up a reason for the reader to be more attentive of how ‘common’ daisies are.

Hyperbole, the counterpart of understatement, deliberately exaggerates conditions for emphasis or effect. In formal writing the hyperbole must be clearly intended as an exaggeration, and should be carefully restricted. That is, do not exaggerate everything, but treat hyperbole like an exclamation point, to be used only once a year. Then it will be quite effective as a table-thumping attention getter, introductory to your essay or some section thereof:

–  Robert A. Harris

Treeeezy T®∆VΩN
White America, assassinate my character
A hyperbole can be used as a rhetoric device to give an exaggeration. In this tweet, the writer alludes to racism in “White America” and then suggests that they “assassinate” him. In a slight, yet unsubtle exaggeration of racism, the hyperbole is used to objectify America and assume the position of a victim. This is an opinion that can be stated in Henry James’ story as well; when James uses the idea that an “American flirt” is a horrifying idea and that the people find what Daisy does as scandalous. Her very being is an exaggeration for the people around her, where nothing she does can absolve her of her crimes in society.

Allusion is a short, informal reference to a famous person or event:

–  Robert A. Harris

IshhTheBasedGod Ish Evans

On the English grind!!
To use an allusion as a rhetorical device is to make an insinuation or referral without being obvious. A short and imprecise way to refer to something with more prestige than normal. In this tweet, the author refers to immersing themselves into their English work. In “Daisy Miller,” many allusions were made to types of people; such as Italians and Americans. The author referred to the people as being a specific way, suggesting that they were a specific way opposed to who the person was as a whole.

Amplification involves repeating a word or expression while adding more detail to it, in order to emphasize what might otherwise be passed over. In other words, amplification allows you to call attention to, emphasize, and expand a word or idea to make sure the reader realizes its importance or centrality in the discussion.

–  Robert A. Harris

thats0jack thatsojack
cause you can’t bandage the damage. you never really can fix a heart.

To amplify a word is to give a word more emphasis than you would the rest of the sentence, honoring the word with more exaggeration. In this tweet, the author insinuates that although wounds heal, the heart can never fully recover; centralizing the point in which ‘really’ is used to tell the reader that no matter what a person does, it is futile. Henry James also amplified Winterbourne’s feelings in “Daisy Miller” where he suggested that Daisy was a certain way, but was swayed to believe differently. James’ uses amplification to represent depth and offer the characters a more realistic portrayal of human nature.

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3 responses so far

3 Responses to “Glossary of Terms”

  1.   Kevin L. Fergusonon 30 Sep 2011 at 9:21 am

    Hi Arlene,

    You’re getting there, but: you don’t have the analysis part and you need examples for all of your devices.

    Also–if any of this information is a quotation from another source, you need to make changes to identify it as such asap. I’m curious about some of the definitions–if they are your own words or not.

  2.   APMimzon 02 Oct 2011 at 12:52 am

    This is incomplete professor, I am going to change it later, so I just threw everything I needed on the same page for further reconstruction later. Thank you for noticing though.

  3.   Kevin L. Fergusonon 09 Oct 2011 at 1:54 pm

    Be sure to let me know when you update this–and don’t wait too long since we have lots more assignments coming soon!

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