Sep 14 2011

Annotated Bibliography

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Works Cited
Barnett, Louise K. “Jamesian Feminism: Women In ‘Daisy Miller’.” Studies In Short Fiction 16.4 (1979): 281. Academic  Search Complete. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.
This study is about feminism and how Henry James incorporates the ideal into his writings through his characters. It goes into several moments in the story in which Daisy or Winterbourne are affected by the notion of compromising and uncompromising positions because of their gender roles. In the second paragraph of the first page, the author writes “While those women who accept their circumscribed existence pay varying prices of neurotic illness, ineffectuality, and hypocrisy, the women who ignore social prescription is punished by ostracism and death,” which is exactly what occurs in the book with both Daisy and her mother. Barnett explained an example of a role that women played “In creating a spectrum of socially approved but sterile feminine existences, James contrasts Daisy’s desire for freedom with the confinement of other women in artificial and trivial spheres,” (287) which comments on how Henry James portrayed Daisy in particular in this story. This study is useful to my project because it delves into the aspect of women and the authors mindset for the role that Daisy played. A key element to help foster the question of whether Daisy was an innocent, naive and unsuspecting character, or was she a deviant; as she was portrayed in the book by the surrounding society that she was in.
Ohmann, Carol. “DAISY MILLER: A Study Of Changing Intentions.” American Literature 36.1 (1964): 1. Academic  Search Complete. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.
The article is about how the character of Daisy Miller was portrayed and the significance in the time that this story was written, whether Daisy was innocent and ignorant, or if she was a deviant as the book suggested. It summarizes and gives an interpretation of the story in that Daisy was innocent, naive and ignorant, but not a deviant as it was suggested as well as the reasons Henry James did several of the things that portrayed and characterized the ‘nouvelle’. In the second paragraph, Ohmann states that Daisy is viewed as a less deviant child and more of a uncharacteristically naive child who is ignorant and not cautious of her doings. On page ten of the reading, Ohmann speaks about how Henry James faces his writing as poetic and then changes the metaphysical figure of Daisy to be less critical of her character and creates her to be more in tune with nature. This source will be useful to my project because it gives a more character view and a background on what type of person Henry James tried to characterize as “Daisy Miller.” This also gives a unique perspective on the question of whether Daisy was deviant or innocent when she paraded around Geneva.
Vickers, Joanne F. “Woolson’s Response To James: The Vindication Of The American Heroine.” Women’s Studies 18.2/3 (1990): 287. Academic Search Complete. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.
This article was about the outrage the women in American society felt about Henry James’ portrayal of an American girl in a foreign country; an upset of even just portraying Daisy as a character that undermined all American females. It also brings in a comparison with another author and book that is directly opposite Henry James’Daisy Miller, in that for every lack that Daisy had, Ettie did not. Vickers states that “James allows Daisy to die from the Roman fever in order to play on the ambiguity of her morality and her interest in Giovanelli and Winterbourne” (291). and the author states “Leon Edel credits James’s success to “discover[ing] nothing less than ‘the American’ – as a social phenomenon, a fact, a type” (287). This helps with my project because the author brings a contrast of how controversial the writing was in comparison to another work of art written by a wholly American author. This will give a more general background on what was portrayed as the typical “American female” at the time that it was written.
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